Cherry angiomas, often referred to as senile angiomas or Campbell de Morgan spots, are common skin growths that can appear at various stages of life. These small, red, or purplish bumps can be a source of concern for those who develop them, but they are typically benign and harmless. In this article, we will explore the nature of cherry angiomas, their characteristics, and the reasons behind their formation.

I. Cherry Angioma Basics

Cherry angiomas are benign skin lesions that manifest as small, round, or oval bumps on the skin’s surface. They are typically bright red or purplish in color, resembling a cherry, which is how they acquired their name. These growths can range in size from a pinhead to about a quarter of an inch in diameter and are most commonly found on the torso, arms, legs, and shoulders.

II. Why Do Cherry Angiomas Form?

The exact cause of cherry angiomas remains the subject of ongoing research, but several factors are believed to contribute to their formation:

  1. Genetics: A person’s genetic makeup may play a role in the development of cherry angiomas. Individuals with a family history of these growths may be more prone to developing them.
  2. Age: Cherry angiomas tend to become more prevalent as individuals age. They are often first noticed in adulthood, and their frequency tends to increase with advancing age.
  3. Skin Changes: Over time, the skin undergoes various changes, including thinning, weakening of blood vessels, and alterations in cell structure. These changes can create an environment conducive to the development of cherry angiomas.
  4. Hormonal Factors: Some research suggests that hormonal factors, such as pregnancy, may influence the development of cherry angiomas. It is not uncommon for individuals to notice new cherry angiomas during pregnancy.
  5. Ultraviolet (UV) Exposure: Prolonged exposure to UV radiation from the sun or tanning beds is thought to be a contributing factor. UV exposure can lead to skin damage and changes in blood vessels that may promote the formation of these growths.

III. Characteristics of Cherry Angiomas

Cherry angiomas are easily identifiable due to their distinct characteristics:

  1. Color: These growths typically appear bright red or purplish. The color can range from a deep cherry red to a lighter, more translucent shade.
  2. Size: They can vary in size, with most being small, but some may grow larger over time.
  3. Shape: Cherry angiomas often have a round or oval shape, and they may be slightly raised from the skin’s surface.
  4. Texture: The surface of these growths is typically smooth and may be slightly shiny.
  5. Location: They can appear virtually anywhere on the body, but they are most commonly found on the trunk (chest and back) and the limbs.

iv. Where Do Cherry Angiomas Appear?

Cherry angiomas can appear on various parts of the body, but the most common is Cherry Angioma on the face. They can also appear on the lips, although this is less common. Cherry angiomas are small, benign blood vessel growths that are often bright red or cherry red in color. While they can occur on the face and lips, they are more frequently found on the chest, back, arms, and legs. If you have concerns about a growth on your face or lips, it’s advisable to have it examined by a dermatologist to confirm its nature and determine the best course of action.

V. Diagnosis and Medical Evaluation

While cherry angiomas are generally harmless and don’t require treatment, it is essential to have any new or changing skin growth evaluated by a dermatologist or healthcare provider. In some cases, a biopsy may be recommended to rule out other skin conditions or to ensure the growth is indeed a cherry angioma.

VI. Treatment and Removal

Cherry angiomas are typically harmless and do not necessitate removal for medical reasons. However, individuals may choose to have them removed for cosmetic purposes or if the growths become irritated or bleed. Common removal methods include:

  1. Cryotherapy: Liquid nitrogen is used to freeze the cherry angioma, causing it to fall off.
  2. Electrocautery: A medical device delivers an electric current to burn off the growth.
  3. Laser Therapy: Laser treatment can target and destroy the blood vessels in the cherry angioma, causing it to fade.
  4. Excision: In some cases, a dermatologist may opt to surgically remove the growth.

It is crucial to consult with a dermatologist before pursuing any removal method to determine the best approach for your specific situation.

Cherry angiomas are common benign skin growths that often appear in adulthood. While their exact cause remains a subject of research, factors such as genetics, age, hormonal changes, UV exposure, and skin alterations are believed to contribute to their development. These small red or purplish bumps are typically harmless, and they do not require treatment unless they become problematic or for cosmetic reasons. It is important to have any new or changing skin growths evaluated by a dermatologist to rule out other skin conditions and ensure that they are indeed cherry angiomas. Understanding the nature of these growths can help individuals make informed decisions regarding their care and management.